What Is An Abnormal Condition?

What are the elements of medical terms?

There are three basic parts to medical terms: a word root (usually the middle of the word and its central meaning), a prefix (comes at the beginning and usually identifies some subdivision or part of the central meaning), and a suffix (comes at the end and modifies the central meaning as to what or who is interacting ….

Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?

CerebrumCerebrum. Beneath the cerebral cortex is the cerebrum, which serves as the main thought and control center of the brain. It is the seat of higher-level thought like emotions and decision making (as opposed to lower-level thought like balance, movement, and reflexes).

What is the prefix for bad difficult or painful?

dysdacrio-tearduodeno-duodenumdynamo-force, energy–dyniapaindys-bad, difficult8 more rows

What is an incision of a bone called?

Osteotomy (oss-tee-OT-oh-mee) is the surgical cutting of a bone (oste means bone, and -otomy means a surgical incision). This may include removing part or all of a bone, or cutting into or through a bone. … FIGURE 3.26 External fixation of the femur stabilizes the bone and is removed after the bone has healed.

What is the medical term for unusual shifts in a person’s mood energy and ability to function?

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function.

When you see an unfamiliar medical term?

When you see an unfamiliar medical term, first identify the suffix. The suffix is -logist, one who studies and is a specialist in. Cardi/o is the combining form for heart.

Which word part means abnormal softening Group answer choices?

Good and BadPartDefinitionmal-bad, abnormal-malaciasoftening-maniamorbid impulse towards an object/thingmyc-, myco-fungus19 more rows•Jan 11, 2018

Which term means lower part of the body?

Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity). … Medial – toward the midline of the body (example, the middle toe is located at the medial side of the foot).

What is idiopathic disorder?

An idiopathic disease is a “disease of itself,” that is, one of uncertain origin, apparently arising spontaneously.

What does Transhepatic mean?

Medical Definition of transhepatic : passing through or performed by way of the bile ducts specifically : involving direct injection (as of a radiopaque medium) into the bile ducts transhepatic cholangiography.

What part of the brain controls thought?

cerebrumThe cerebrum, the large, outer part of the brain, controls reading, thinking, learning, speech, emotions and planned muscle movements like walking. It also controls vision, hearing and other senses. The cerebrum is divided two cerebral hemispheres (halves): left and right.

What part of the brain controls emotions?

The limbic system is a brain area, located between the brain stem and the two cerebral hemispheres, that governs emotion and memory. It includes the amygdala, the hypothalamus, and the hippocampus.

How are medical terms formed?

Medical terms are created using root words with prefixes and suffixes that are Greek or Latin in origin. For example, “pericarditis” means “inflammation of the outer layer of the heart.” The three parts of this term are: peri – card – itis. The prefix is “peri” and means “surrounding”.

What is abnormal condition of the mind?

Reader view. Psychosis refers to an abnormal condition of the mind, and is a generic psychiatric term for a mental state often described as involving a “loss of contact with reality”. … People experiencing psychosis may exhibit some personality changes and thought disorder.

What is an abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth?

Congenital Disorders A congenital disorder (kon-JEN-ih-tahl) is an abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth. Congenital means existing at birth. These conditions can be caused by a developmental disorder before birth, prenatal influences, premature birth, or injuries during the birth process.

Which suffix means abnormal softening?

suffix -malaciaThe suffix -malacia means “abnormal softening,” most often used referring to bone disorders, but it does mean abnormal softening, and arteriomalacia refers to abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries.

What part of the brain controls happiness?

1. Happiness activates several areas of the brain, including the right frontal cortex, the precuneus, the left amygdala, and the left insula. This activity involves connections between awareness (frontal cortex and insula) and the “feeling center” (amygdala) of the brain.

What are four possible parts that can make up a medical term?

Components of Medical Words All medical terms have a root word. They may also have a prefix, a suffix, or both a prefix and a suffix.

What medical term means abnormal condition?

In medical terminology, many suffixes, such as -osis, mean. “abnormal condition or disease.” For example, gastrosis. (gas-TROH-sis) means any disease of the stomach (gastr means stomach, and -osis means abnormal condition or disease).

What word means abnormal softening?

malaciaMedical Definition of malacia : abnormal softening of a tissue —often used in combination osteomalacia.

Is a general increase in the bulk of a body part due to an increase in the size?

The enlargement of an organ or tissue because of an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the tissues. A general increase in the bulk of a body part or organ that is due to an increase in the size, but not in the number, of the cells in the tissues.