Who has given the concept of totemism?
The founder of a French school of sociology, Émile Durkheim, examined totemism from a sociological and theological point of view.
Durkheim hoped to discover a pure religion in very ancient forms and generally claimed to see the origin of religion in totemism..
How did totems originate?
The word totem stems from the Algonquian (most likely Ojibwe) term odoodem [oˈtuːtɛm], meaning “(his) kinship group.” The tall, narrow, freestanding poles that were seen by the first European explorers in the Pacific Northwest were likely preceded by an extensive history of decorative carving.
Can a person be a totem?
In its most specific sense, totem refers to an emblematic depiction of an animal or plant that gives a family or clan its name and that often serves as a reminder of its ancestry. The term is also used broadly for any person or thing having particular emblematic or symbolic importance.
What happens if you eat your totem?
In regard to eating, killing, or destroying them, the clan totems are regarded as if they were human members of the group. Moreover, it is believed that an offense against the totems through a breach of taboo will produce a corresponding decrease in the size of the clan.
Who made the first totem pole?
The totem pole (also known as a monumental pole) is a tall structure carved out of cedar wood, created by Northwest Coast Indigenous peoples to serve variously as a signboard, genealogical record and memorial. Some well-known carvers include Mungo Martin, Charles Edenshaw, Henry Hunt, Richard Hunt and Stanley Hunt.
Is the cross a totem?
When that person is confronted by a beggar just outside and sees over that beggar’s shoulder that same cross on the door, prompting them to ask themselves, “What would Jesus do?”—that cross is a graphic totem, because non-Christians, or even other Christians, could see that cross and not be influenced by it.
Who wrote an essay on totemism in 1910?
j. g. frazer, Totemism and Exogamy, 4 v. (London 1910). s. freud, Totem and Taboo (1918), in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works, ed.
Who is the most important person on a totem pole?
But traditionally, the bottom figure on a totem pole is the most important one. The head carver is in charge of this portion of the totem (the bottom 10 feet) since it is most visible and more detailed than the higher regions [source: Totem Poles: An Exploration].
Is Shona a Nguni language?
Language and identity When the term “Shona” was created during the early-19th-century Mfecane (possibly by the Ndebele king Mzilikazi), it was used as a pejorative for non-Nguni people; there was no awareness of a common identity by the tribes and peoples which make up the present-day Shona.