Question: What Is The General Formula Of Alkanes And Alkenes?

How does an alkane become an alkene?

An alkene represents an unsaturated hydrocarbon with double bonds, while an alkane is a saturated hydrocarbon with only single bonds.

To convert an alkane to an alkene, requires that you remove hydrogen from the alkane molecule at extremely high temperatures.

This process is known as dehydrogenation..

Why is 3 butene not a proper name?

Locate the double bond by the number of its first carbon. In this compound, the double bond begins at carbon #1, so the full name becomes: 1-butene. Note the INcorrect numbering in the second structure. There is no such compound as 3-butene.

What is general formula of alcohol?

Alcohol is an homologous series in which the compounds contain a functional group called the hydroxyl group (-OH). The general molecular formula for alcohols is CnH2n+1OH. Alcohols are all derivatives of hydrocarbons in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms in the hydrocarbon have been replaced by a hydroxyl group.

What are the 20 alkanes?

Terms in this set (20)Methane. Ch4.Ethane. C2H6 (CH3CH3)Propane. C3H8 (CH3CH2CH3)Butane. C4H10 (CH3(CH2)2CH3)Pentane. C5H12 (CH3(CH2)3CH3)Hexane. C6H14 (CH3(CH2)4CH3)Heptane. C7H16 (CH3(CH2)5CH3)Octane. C8H18 (CH3(CH2)6CH3)More items…

What is the structure of alkanes?

The alkanes comprise a series of compounds that are composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms with single covalent bonds. This group of compounds comprises a homologous series with a general molecular formula of C n H 2 n+2 , where equals any integer.

What are the 10 alkanes?

List of AlkanesMethane (CH4)Ethane (C2H6)Propane (C3H8)Butane (C4H10)Pentane (C5H12)Hexane (C6H14)Heptane (C7H16)Octane (C8H18)More items…

What is the general formula of alkenes?

The general formula for the alkenes is C nH 2n, where n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. Decene is an alkene. Its molecules contain 10 carbon atoms . Predict the molecular formula of decene and explain your answer.

What is the main difference between alkane and alkene?

The alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons—that is, hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds. Alkenes contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds.